At the same time, the expansion of Polish settlers (mostly Lesser Poles and Mazurs) towards the south-east, as well as Polonization of local inhabitants, led to the emergence of South-East Kresowiacy in Halychna, Red Ruthenia (with its main city Lvov Volhynia and Podolia. (subscription required) Holdren,. In the United States, a significant number of Polish immigrants settled in Chicago, Ohio, Detroit, New Jersey, New York City, Orlando, Pittsburgh, Buffalo, and New England. Restored independence (191839) Literature in the Second Polish Republic (191839) spanned a brief but exceptionally fertile period. "Chapter: Rozmiary liczebne plemienia (Size of the tribe. Mały Rocznik Statystyczny Polski 2018 (Concise Statistical Yearbook of Poland 2018) (PDF) (in Polish and English). "The Music Courts of the Polish Vasas" (PDF). Kuyavians Main articles: Kujawy, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Goplans, and Duchy of Inowrocław Some linguists and ethnographers counted Cuiavians as a subdivision of Greater Poles, but most recognize their distinct culture and identity. Struktura narodowo-etniczna, językowa i wyznaniowa ludności Polski. "On the Prague Document In Nomine Jassa". In addition, a tradition of operatic production began in Warsaw in 1628, with a performance of Galatea (composer uncertain the first Italian opera produced outside Italy. They speak the Texas Silesian dialect of Polish. University of California Press, Berkeley, 1983. They live in the region of Krajna. AD 11501200) the population increased to 330,000, still in vast majority Slavic-speakers. Retrieved 12 December 2007. There is overlap with Slovak-speaking Gorals in the south.